If you have worked in the United States for less than 10 years, you may be eligible for benefits under the U.S. Social Security Agreement. S.-Japan (also known as totalization agreement). The United States currently has social security agreements with Canada, Chile, South Korea, Australia and most of Western Europe. If you do not agree with the decision on your entitlement to benefits under the agreement, contact a U.S. or Japanese social security office. The people there can tell you what you need to do to appeal the decision. If you are entitled to social security benefits from both the United States and Japan and you do not need the agreement to qualify for these benefits, the amount of your benefit in the United States may be reduced. This is the result of a provision of U.S. law that can influence how your benefit is determined if you also receive a work-based pension that was not covered by U.S. Social Security. For more information, visit the Windfall Elimination Commission (publication 05-10045).
If you are outside the United States, you can email us in the More Information section. The Data Protection Act requires us to inform you that we are entitled to collect this information until Section 233 of the Social Security Act. Although it is not mandatory for you to provide the information to the Social Security Administration (SSA), a coverage certificate can only be issued if an application has been received. The information is necessary to enable the SSA to determine whether, in accordance with an international agreement, the work should only be covered by the U.S. social security system. Without the certificate, work can be taxed in both the United States and foreign social security schemes. For the United States, the agreement includes Social Security taxes (including Medicare`s U.S. share) and social security, disability and survival benefits.
It does not cover benefits under the U.S. Medicare program or the security supplement. Foreign workers may receive a partial refund of NP and EPI contributions if the worker is not entitled to Japanese benefits, has six months or more under NP or EPI contributions, left Japan after November 8, 1994 and applies for reimbursement within two years for Japan. Since the late 1970s, the United States has entered into international social security agreements that coordinate the U.S. social security program with similar programs in other countries. If you have credits in both the U.S. and Japan, you may be eligible for benefits from one or both countries. If you meet all the essential requirements under a country`s system, you will benefit regularly from that country. If you don`t meet the basic requirements, the agreement can help you qualify for a performance, as explained below. Help fill the gaps in benefit protection for workers who have shared their careers between the United States and another country but have not worked long enough in one or both countries to qualify for social benefits. Totalization allows workers to combine work credits from both countries to receive benefits.
The amount of the benefit paid is proportional to the amount of credits acquired in the paying country. In addition, your employer must indicate if you remain a U.S. employee.