According to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Trump administration`s list “is very consistent with the president`s position on trade barriers that like protectionism. This makes NAFTA less of a free trade agreement in many ways.  The considerations expressed by the U.S. representative regarding subsidized state-owned enterprises and currency manipulation are not likely to apply in Canada and Mexico, but are intended to send a message to countries outside North America.  Jeffrey Schott of the Peterson Institute for International Economics stated that it was not possible to conclude renegotiations quickly, while alleviating all concerns on the list.  He also said that it would be difficult to do something about trade deficits.  A 2014 study on the impact of NAFTA on U.S. trade employment and investment showed that the U.S. trade deficit with Mexico and Canada increased from $17.0 billion to $177.2 billion between 1993 and 2013 and supplanted 851,700 U.S. jobs.  An important point that is often lost in assessing the impact of NAFTA is its impact on prices. The Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures inflation on the basis of a basket of goods and services, increased by 65.6% between December 1993 and December 2016, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Over the same period, clothing prices fell by 7.5%. Nevertheless, lower clothing prices are no easier to cling directly to NAFTA than the decline in the apparel industry.
The Trump administration has renegotiated to reduce the trade deficit between the United States and Mexico. The new agreement amends nafta in six important areas. A Chapter 19 panel is expected to examine whether the Agency`s decision was supported by “substantial evidence.” This standard was a considerable tribute to the national agency. Some of the most contentious trade disputes in recent years, such as the U.S.-Canada dispute over conifers, were negotiated ahead of chapter 19 panels. It is impossible to isolate the effects of NAFTA in the larger economy. For example, it is difficult to say with certainty what percentage of the current U.S. trade deficit, which reached a record $65,677 million at the end of 2005, is directly attributable to NAFTA. It is also difficult to say what percentage of the 3.3 million manufacturing jobs were lost in the United States.