The rule of privilege has been strongly criticized by both judges and academics, perhaps especially by Lord Justice Steyn at Darlington Borough Council -v- Wiltshier Northern Limited (1995), when he criticized the inadvertence of Parliament: “There is no doubt that in the not-so-distant future there will be a law commission report recommending the abolition of the legal standard by law. What would then happen with regard to the proposed law? The answer is very simple: nothing will probably happen. Clause 2.3: “Except as expressly provided otherwise in this Agreement, nothing in this Agreement confers or intends to confer any rights on third parties under the Contracts of Third Parties Act 1999. 31.Paragraph 4 ensures that these references to the heading “if the third party had been a party” are not to be interpreted in such a way that the third party is treated as a party for the purposes of another decree.