The fat texts refer to provisions of the new US-Swiss social security agreement which, in their wording or substance, differ considerably from the corresponding provisions of the original U.S.-Swiss Social Security Agreement, signed on 18 July 1979 in its amended version of 1 June 1988. Totalization agreements protect the benefit rights of workers who divide their professional careers between the two countries by allowing each country to count, as needed, the social security rights acquired in the other country to constitute benefit rights. Coverage periods are cumulative only for individuals with a specified minimum amount of coverage, but who are not sufficient to meet the normal requirements of the entitlement to the benefit. In the United States, for example, workers, 5 When a person has earned at least 6 QCs but less than 40, the SSAs provide, in determining the entitlement to the benefit, that the SSAs would account for their hours of work in a country that is a partner in the overall agreement. All of these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility. Responsibility-sharing agreements are reciprocal. Under each agreement, partner countries make concessions to their social security qualification rules so that those covered by the agreement have access to payments that they may not be eligible for. The responsibility for social security is thus distributed among the countries in which a person has lived during his or her working years and where the person is able to obtain potential rights. In general, it is possible to access a pension from one country in the second country, although the paying country retains some discretion with regard to the exchange and delivery mechanisms used. Disagreements over the interpretation or application of this agreement will have to end by consultation.
When a person is qualified for a social security benefit in the United States on the basis of cumulative coverage in the U.S. and abroad under a totalization agreement, the amount of the U.S. benefit payable is only proportional to the periods of coverage earned in the United States. Similarly, the partner country pays a partially or proportionately paid benefit when combined coverage entitles you to a claim. It is therefore possible for a person to enjoy an overall benefit from an agreement of one of the two countries or both countries if he meets all the conditions applicable to the claim. The provisions for calculating benefits used in the United States are uniform in all totalization agreements, as required by law in provisions 42 U.S.C. Determining a proportional amount of U.S. benefits as part of a totalization agreement is a three-step process. Select the country name from the following list to show the actual text of the agreement with that country.
10 Although most agreements remove payment restrictions applicable to all residents of both countries, agreements with Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland remove payment restrictions only for nationals of both countries or stateless persons and refugees residing in both countries. Wishing to regulate relations between their two countries in the field of social security, they agreed as follows: the next step is the determination of the theoretical PIA. The U.S. Social Security Benefits formula uses two AIME thresholds, known as bending points, to ensure that benefits replace a larger share of pre-retired income for low-wage earners than for higher-income earners. The PIA consists of 90 percent AIME up to the first bending point plus 32 percent AIME between the first and second bending point plus 15 percent aIME above the second bending point.