According to the report, Australia does not appear to have met its commitment to reduce its target from 5% below 2000 levels to 15% by 2020 if the world achieves a comprehensive treaty capable of limiting its emissions to less than 450 parts per million carbon dioxide atmospheres. The Paris agreement could limit emissions to this level. The Paris agreement provides that it will enter into force 30 days after ratification of the agreement by at least 55 parties representing at least 55% of global emissions. This threshold was reached on 5 October 2016, which means that the Paris Agreement came into force on 4 November 2016 (just before COP 22 in Marrakech). It says Australia`s attempt to minimize emissions over the next decade was contrary to the objectives and principles of the Paris Agreement and forced countries to take escalating measures reflecting their “highest possible ambitions.” Despite this, even the current targets promised by countries in the Paris Agreement will not be enough to stem potentially dangerous global warming. Among these goals, the world is still on its way to warming by about three degrees. The government has appointed major players in fossil fuels and the mining industry to its national advisory board of the COVID 19 commission, including a member of Aramco`s Saudi board of directors. It is not surprising that the Commission supports a gas-based recovery, which recommends the government to finance pipelines, and increases both the national gas supply and subsidies for gas-fired electricity generation. The government has ignored the chances of a green recovery, particularly an accelerated transition to renewable energy. The Commonwealth government has pledged AUD 213.6 billion to respond to the economic consequences of the pandemic by directing funds to welfare recipients and allocating wage subsidies to businesses. The stimulus funds are not aimed at a green recovery.
Climate Analytics found that there was nothing within the legal framework of the Kyoto Protocol that would allow the transfer of emissions reductions to a new agreement after its end in 2020. This standard would essentially require manufacturers to sell more efficient cars, but it has become a politically controversial idea in Australia. The Turnbull government launched the idea in 2017, but abandoned it after a party move forward. Although Australian governments have adopted the same 2050 target for net zero emissions, Morrison`s federal government has not yet adopted the same target. Australia is a major exporter of fossil fuels, particularly coal, and Morrison said many countries had made qualified climate commitments. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 197 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Paris and agreed on 12 December 2015.   The agreement was signed at UN Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 by states and regional economic integration organisations parties to the UNFCCC (convention).  The agreement stated that it would only enter into force if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015) ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.  On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement. 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.   On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016.