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Iran China 25 Year Agreement

China is undoubtedly serious in improving its already close relations with Iran, but these close relations are not and will not be a precondition for China`s bilateral relations with other regional actors such as Israel or Saudi Arabia. In light of the Chinese agreement with Israel on the operation of the port of Haifa, it is clear that China`s relations with Iran are not unique or unique in the region. Moreover, with regard to the proposal for military intervention, China is not only fully aware that the proud national conscience of the Iranian people and the political culture of the Islamic Republic of Iran will not allow the deployment of a massive number of foreign troops to Iran, but it also does not want to send troops to Iran in order to avoid the potential risk in an armed conflict between Iran and its regional rival. Based on the “Looking East” policy dictated by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Iranian government has attempted to conclude long-term agreements with countries such as China and Russia, although both nations have so far chosen to remain silent spectators of Iran`s development. In August 2019, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, amid tensions in the Persian Gulf, visited China to present his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi with the first Iranian draft of 25 years of cooperation document. It is interesting to note that the purpose of Zarif`s visit was public, followed by the publication of a suspicious piece to the London news agency, which claimed that China had agreed to invest a hyperbolic sum in Iran and, remarkably, was ready to send military personnel on Iranian soil. The current draft, although definitively marked, must require the approval of the Chinese government and, above all, be ratified by the Majlis, as stipulated in Article 77 of the Iranian Constitution. 11- Given their historical similarities and the existence of many human capacities, both sides agree with the leadership role of their joint committee on bilateral culture and improve the level of their cultural cooperation. In this regard, they will encourage their citizens to travel to each other`s countries and strengthen cooperation in the fields of tourism, health, youth and sport. They will also improve their exchanges between the press and public diplomacy and strengthen cooperation between their media and the reciprocal visits of their media delegations. By improving human dialogue and exchanges and developing communication between their non-governmental organizations in various forms, they will also pave the way for mutual understanding and friendship between the two nations.

Both sides are exploring the possibility of defining cultural years and are continuing their consultations on the creation of their cultural centres and the establishment of the necessary facilities in this regard.

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