Overall, the United States currently has 14 trade agreements with 20 different countries. Under international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “consultation and approval” of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding on the United States under international law. The Doha talks lasted more than a decade and continued, and the reasons for their failure are complex. Many of these problems were related to the two most powerful economies, the United States and the EU. They both opposed a reduction in agricultural subsidies, which would have resulted in lower food export prices than in many emerging economies. Low food prices would have taken many local farmers out of their operations.
The refusal of the United States and the EU to cut subsidies, among other things, has derailed the Doha Round. It has signed bilateral trade agreements with dozens of countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Chinese companies have the right to develop the country`s oil and other raw materials. In exchange, China offers loans and technical or commercial assistance. Free trade allows unrestricted imports and exports of goods and services between two or more countries. Trade agreements are forged to reduce or eliminate import or export quotas. These help participating countries to act competitively. Trade agreements govern international trade between two or more nations. An agreement may include all imports and exports, certain product categories or a single category. The United States currently participates in some 320 trade agreements with different nations.