On 27 April 2009, EU Member States adopted a negotiating mandate for the implementation of a new economic free trade agreement between the EU and Canada: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Negotiations were officially started at the EU-Canada Summit held in Prague (Czech Republic) on 6 May 2009. The first meeting on the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement was held on June 10, 2009. The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 19 to 23, 2009. On January 18, 2010, Canada and the European Union met in Brussels for the second round of negotiations. The third round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from April 19 to 23, 2010. The fourth took place in Brussels from 12 to 16 July, the fifth in Ottawa from 18 to 22 October 2010 and the sixth in Brussels from 17 to 21 January 2011. The two countries held a seventh round of talks in April 2011, while the eighth round took place during the week of July 15, 2011. The ninth round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 17 to 21, 2011. CETA entered into force provisionally on 21 September 2017, so most of the agreement now applies. The existing EU-Canada Agreement on Wines and Spirits is adopted, as well as other measures to remove barriers that prevent or impede market access. In September 2017, Belgium asked the Court of Justice of the European Communities whether CETA`s dispute settlement system was compatible with EU law. The agreement can only enter into force when the ECJ has delivered its opinion or if the ECJ considers that the ECJ is incompatible with EU law. On 30 April 27, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Communities issued its opinion that the investor-state dispute settlement system in the area of CETA was compatible with EU law.  On October 18, 2013, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso signed an agreement in principle. Negotiations were concluded on 1 August 2014.  The trade agreement was formally presented on 25 September 2014 by Mr Harper and Mr Barroso at an EU-Canada summit at the Royal York Hotel in downtown Toronto.  The Canadian Business Roundtable served as a parallel business process from the launch to the conclusion of the CETA negotiations. In the absence of an agreement with the EU, trade preferences between the UK and the EU would disappear and trade between the UK and the EU would be determined by each party`s international obligations. It eliminates tariffs on all industrial products, 90% of agricultural products and 66% of fishery products. The agreement increases tariff quotas for agricultural and other sensitive products. For certain fishery products, Canada had previously concluded a market access agreement under Community tariff quotas.
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