But as his troops occupied much of Germany and Eastern Europe, Stalin succeeded in effectively ratifying the concessions he had made to Yalta and putting pressure on his advance on Truman and Churchill (replaced by Prime Minister Clement Atlee in the middle of the conference). In March 1946, a little less than a year after the Yalta Conference, Churchill gave his famous speech in which he declared that an “iron curtain” had fallen on Eastern Europe, marking the definitive end of cooperation between the Soviet Union and its Western allies and the beginning of the Cold War. “In the event that the government ——– wishes to present views or comments on the proposals prior to the conference. The Government of the United States of America will be pleased to share these views and comments with other participating governments. The initiative to convene a second “Big Three” conference came from Roosevelt, who had hoped for a meeting before the US presidential elections in November 1944, but later pushed for a meeting in early 1945 at a neutral location in the Mediterranean. Malta, Cyprus and Athens have been proposed. Stalin, who insisted that his doctors oppose long journeys, rejected these options.  Instead, he suggested meeting instead in the Black Sea city of Yalta in Crimea. Fear of Stalin`s plane also contributed to this decision. Yet Stalin formally referred to Roosevelt as the “host” of the conference; All plenary sessions should take place in the American accommodation of the Livadia Palace, and Roosevelt, without exception, sits in the center of the group photos (all taken by Roosevelt`s official photographer). Washington, 24 March – The text of the agreements reached at the Crimean conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and General Stalin, as published today by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, follows the following text: the aim of the conference was to establish a post-war peace that constituted not only a collective security order, but also a plan for the determination of the peoples liberated according to the Nazi. The meeting should focus on the restoration of the nations of war-torn Europe. But within a few years, as the Cold War divided the continent, Yalta became the subject of intense controversy. 3. The United States Government should, on behalf of the three powers, consult with the Chinese government and the French provisional government on the decisions taken at this conference on the proposed World Organization. Yalta was the second of three major war conferences among the Big Three. It was preceded by the Tehran Conference in November 1943, followed by the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, preceded by a conference in Moscow in October 1944, in which President Roosevelt did not participate, during which Churchill and Stalin had spoken about European Western and Soviet spheres of influence.  At that time, the Soviet army had occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than allied forces in the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. “The three heads of government believe that Poland`s eastern border should follow the Curzon line, in some regions of five to eight kilometres in favour of Poland. They recognize that Poland must receive significant membership in the north and west. They believe that the opinion of Poland`s new provisional government of national unity should be gathered in due course on the extent of these accessions and that the final delimitation of Poland`s western border should then wait for the peace conference. » 1.